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Workforce Migration and Affordability: A Closer Look

The workforce is moving to less affordable areas.

– In the last 12 months, more than 1.7 million LinkedIn members who lived in the 20 largest metropolitan areas moved from a more affordable place to a less affordable place.

– Denver, San Francisco and Seattle were the top destinations for LinkedIn members.

Although housing affordability is still weakening in many local areas, particularly in the West, as a result of the ongoing supply and demand imbalances, a NAR analysis shows that many workers are actually moving to less affordable areas such as San Francisco and Seattle. According to LinkedIn migration data[1], more than 1.7 million LinkedIn members[2] moved to a less affordable area in the last 12 months. In 13 of the largest 20 areas, a majority of the workforce moved from a less expensive place to a more expensive place.

For instance, the San Francisco area was the most popular destination for workers moving from Detroit. More than 36,000 LinkedIn members from Detroit moved to the San Francisco area in the last 12 months. Based on the REALTORS® Affordability Distribution Curve and Score (RADCS), the affordability score for Detroit was 0.95 in September 2018 while the affordability score for the San Francisco area was 0.48. But what does this mean? The higher the score, the more affordable the area is. For example, a household earning $100,000 in Detroit can afford to buy 72% of homes currently listed for sale while the same household can afford to buy only 8% of homes for sale in San Francisco area.

San Francisco was also the top destination for workers from Philadelphia. Although Philadelphia is more affordable than San Francisco, nearly 27,000 LinkedIn members moved from Philadelphia to San Francisco in the last 12 months. The visualization below allows you to compare the affordability of the area of origin with the affordability of the destination area. Among the 20 largest areas, see in which areas workers decided to move to a less affordable place. Please bear in mind that the higher the score, the more affordable the area is.

While people in general are moving less these days, we also see that fewer people move for an employment-related reason. However, due to a strong economy, it seems that people get better jobs and decide to move to the most attractive areas across the United States.  The good news is that new construction is increasing even in areas with serious housing supply issues. For example, the three-year issuance of single-family permits increased 2 percent in the San Francisco metro area. Based on the NAR Housing Shortage Tracker, when we compare permit issuance with employment growth, we see that in November 2018 a single-family permit was issued for every 12 new jobs compared to 15 jobs in November 2017.


[1] LinkedIn Workforce Report (October 2018).

[2] From the 20 largest areas as far as LinkedIn membership.

In Which States Did Properties Sell Quickly in September 2018?

In a monthly survey of REALTORS®, respondents reported that properties were typically on the market for 32 days (34 days on year ago), according to the  September 2018 REALTORS® Confidence Index Survey.[1]  However, the difference in median days in the current month compared to the same month last year has started to narrow as homebuying demand has eased and the inventory of homes for sale has slightly increased. In January and February of this year, properties were selling about one week less compared to the length of time in the same period one year ago.

During the July–September 2018, properties typically sold within one month in 27 states (32 states in August 2018).  Properties sold most quickly in South Dakota (20 days), Idaho (21), Washington (21 days), Rhode Island (21 days), Indianapolis (22 days), Kansas (23), Massachusetts (23), Ohio (23), Utah (23), Colorado (24), Nevada (24), Nebraska (24), Maine (24), and Michigan (24).  

That properties are still selling faster compared to one year ago is an indication that the supply of homes for sale is still inadequate compared to the demand for homes. Based on the REALTORS® Seller Traffic Index[2], home selling conditions were “weak” during July, August, and September 2018 compared to one year ago in the District of Columbia and in 28 states including California, Oregon, Colorado, New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, and Florida.

 


[1] In generating the median days on market at the state level, NAR uses data for the last three surveys to have close to 30 observations. Small states such as AK, ND, SD, MT, VT, WY, WV, DE, and D.C., may have fewer than 30 observations.

[2] An index greater than 50 means that more respondents reported conditions relative to one year ago as “strong” than those that reported “weak.” Due to sampling, we categorize the index as “very weak” for 0 to 25; “weak” for values 25+ to 45; “stable” for values 45+ to 55; “strong” for values 55+ to 75; and “very strong” for values 75+.

September 2018 Housing Affordability Index

At the national level, housing affordability is up from last month but down from a year ago. Mortgage rates rose to 4.77 percent this September, up 14.9 percent compared to 4.15 percent a year ago.

  • Housing affordability declined from a year ago in September moving the index down 8.4 percent from 160.1 to 146.7. The median sales price for a single family home sold in September in the US was $260,500 up 4.6 percent from a year ago.
  • Nationally, mortgage rates were up 62 basis point from one year ago (one percentage point equals 100 basis points).

  • The payment as a percentage of income was down to 17 percent this September but up from 15.6 percent from a year ago. Regionally, the West has the highest payment at 23.7 percent of income. The South had the second highest payment at 16.5 percent followed by the Northeast at 16.4 percent. The Midwest had the lowest payment as a percentage of income at 13.5 percent.

  • Regionally, the West recorded the biggest increase in home prices at 7.0 percent. The Northeast had an increase of 5.3 percent while the South had a gain of 4.2 percent. The Midwest had the smallest growth in price of 2.2 percent.
  • Regionally, all four regions saw a decline in affordability from a year ago. The Northeast had the biggest drop in affordability of 9.0 percent. The South had a decline of 7.3 percent followed by the West that fell 6.8 percent. The Midwest had the smallest drop of 5.8 percent.
  • On a monthly basis, affordability is up from last month in all of the four regions. The Northeast had biggest gain of 5.5 percent. The Midwest had an incline of 4.2 percent followed by the South with an increase of 2.3 percent. The West had the smallest gain in affordability of 1.9 percent.
  • Despite month-to-month changes, the most affordable region was the Midwest, with an index value of 185.3. The least affordable region remained the West where the index was 105.4. For comparison, the index was 151.4 in the South, and 152.3 in the Northeast.

  • Mortgage applications are currently down. Mortgage rates are rising and home price growth is starting to slow down. Despite higher mortgage rates, lower home prices and increases inventory levels will help renters and potential home buyers enter the housing market. Home prices are up 4.6 percent outpacing median family incomes that are growing 3.1 percent.
  • What does housing affordability look like in your market? View the full data release here.
  • The Housing Affordability Index calculation assumes a 20 percent down payment and a 25 percent qualifying ratio (principal and interest payment to income). See further details on the methodology and assumptions behind the calculation here.

Pat A. Tracy McKnight Real Estate is the best!  Tracy did everything that came up to make my deal go through.  We had several problems to solve and Tracy was always available to make suggestions and help solve all of them.  The house needed some repair and Tracy obtained several bids for the best price.  The contractor backed out so Tracy found someone else.  Then we had an easement problem which I solved with Tracy's help.  He was always courteous and willing to help.  He is the best.  500 N Maine Street, Gladewater, TX 75647

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Customer Reviews

J. Garner,  I can not say enough good things about Tracy and Darrell.  They showed my property numerous times over the 3 year period it took to sell my property.  They ran ads in numerous papers in East Texas, including the Dallas Morning News and other papers.  They were very nice and kept me informed all the time. 

When you and your family decide to buy a house, my family strongly recommends Tracy McKnight.  You will never find anyone who is as patient and friendly.  Tracy will treat you as family.  We have had nothing but fun in the home buying process while working with Tracy McKnight.  He is truly a genuine person and will do everything possible to make the experience of home buying great! A and J Hernandez

Pat A. Tracy McKnight Real Estate is the best!  Tracy did everything that came up to make my deal go through.  We had several problems to solve and Tracy was always available to make suggestions and help solve all of them.  The house needed some repair and Tracy obtained several bids for the best price.  The contractor backed out so Tracy found someone else.  Then we had an easement problem which I solved with Tracy's help.  He was always courteous and willing to help.  He is the best.  500 N Maine Street, Gladewater, TX 75647

 

JOHN AND MARY JANE S. - "We would like to express our appreciation for Mr. McKnight helping us find our house in a great location in Longview, Tx. Being out of town he was so helpful keeping us informed as to what was available.  When we would come here he was always available to show us the houses.  We are glad to recommend Mr. McKnight to anyone planning to buy or sell their house." 

 E. and M. Stephenson "I can honestly say that Tracy McKnight Realty was above and beyond my expectations on sales and service.  Everything was done in a non-pressure attitude.  He never tried to push anything down our throats and was more than willing to show us several homes.  He even went the extra mile and helped us with inspectors and etc.  After the sale was complete he checked back with us to make sure everything was okay.  During the transaction period he made several trips to our shop in order for us to sign documents.  Courtesy, dignity, and honesty is my opinion of McKnight Realty.  They make you feel like you're the only customer when dealing with your business.  They seem like part of our extended family.  Would and will do all my realty business.  Also would refer anybody else to them."

Randall and Michele D. - "Tracy went above and beyond for us as we were looking to sell out house.  Once sold he then went above and beyond helping us buy a house.  A lot of late texts.  He always answered any questions.  We will definitely use Tracy again if we ever sell or buy another house. "

This is to express our heartfelt appreciation for your helpfulness, efficiency, and cooperation during the purchase of our new home.  Throughout the process you constantly kept us informed of all developments.  It was a pleasure to do business with you, and I happily recommend you to anyone seeking a real estate agent.       Cheers,  Bill and Wendy

Thanks for everything you did for Deb and I.  After losing my easement, you stood by me.  Thanks again Tracy.  Phil and Deb R. 

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